More Evidence Shows the Optimal Benefits of a Low Carb Lifestyle & Diabetes
The month of May has been an interesting month with regards to new research shedding light on the beneficial health impacts of following a low carbohydrate lifestyle.
Over the last few weeks, two separate studies have reported that a low carbohydrate diet offers overall better health improvements to individuals suffering from Type 2 diabetes.
The first study, published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition , followed over 3 million participants in three major nutrition studies. The outcome from these individuals’ lifestyles showed that those who limited their intake of sugars and starches had better overall blood glucose levels. Those individuals who consumed a diet high in sugar and starches were found to be 55% more at risk of developing Type 2 diabetes thereby showing the importance of limiting items that have a direct impact on blood sugar levels.
The other study, published in the Annals of Medicine , compared health outcomes for individuals who either followed a low fat traditional diet or a low carbohydrate diet. The focus of this study was not only beneficial health outcomes such as weight loss and blood sugar maintenance but also to observe if a dietary intervention in individuals diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes would see their subclinical inflammation levels improve. The importance of improving Type 2 diabetes inflammation levels is to reduce the possibility of further complications brought about the condition such as cardiovascular disease and nephropathy. After only 6 months of following a low carbohydrate lifestyle , individuals following this lifestyle saw their level of inflammation improve.
Comparison with other nutrition interventions
A systematic review published in the British Journal of Nutrition  looked at the long-term effects of a low fat versus a high fat diet. The review looked at a total of 14 different studies which have compared the two lifestyles. By carrying out statistical analysis and comparing the data from these studies, the review concluded that these two dietary approaches do indeed exert a difference on the management of pre- and type 2 diabetes with a high fat dietary approach offering a better overall health outcome not only for weight loss but also helps to improve cardiometabolic markers such as HDL-C levels (good cholesterol) and an improvement in triglyceride levels.
These studies once again show the importance of following a low-carb approach to daily health.
1. Bhupathiraju, S.N. et al., 2014. Glycemic index, glycemic load, and risk of type 2 diabetes: results from 3 large US cohorts and an updated meta-analysis. The American journal of clinical nutrition.
2. Jonasson, L. et al., 2014. Advice to follow a low-carbohydrate diet has a favourable impact on low-grade inflammation in type 2 diabetes compared with advice to follow a low-fat diet. Annals of medicine, 46(3), pp.182–187.
3. Schwingshackl, L. & Hoffmann, G., 2014. Comparison of the long-term effects of high-fat v. low-fat diet consumption on cardiometabolic risk factors in subjects with abnormal glucose metabolism: a systematic review and meta-analysis. The British journal of nutrition, 111(12), pp.2047–2058.